Scientific Journal Articles

2021 / in press

  • Cowden, R.G.,  Davis, E.B., Counted, V., Chen, Y., Rueger, S.Y.,  VanderWeele, T.J., Lemke, A.W., Glowiak, K.J., Worthington Jr., E.L. (2021). Suffering, Mental Health, and Psychological Well-being During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Longitudinal Study of U.S. Adults with Chronic Health Conditions. Wellbeing, Space, and Society. Advance online publication: 
  • Cowden, R. G., Rueger, S. Y., Davis, E. B., Counted, V., Kent, B. V., Chen, Y., VanderWeele, T. J., Rim, M., Lemke, A. W., & Worthington, E. L., Jr. (2021). Resource loss, positive religious coping, and suffering during the COVID-19 pandemic: A prospective cohort study of U.S. adults with chronic illness. Mental Health, Religion, & Culture. Advance online publication:
  • El-Essawy, M.H.I., Solimana, A.M.A., Morris, A., Counted, V., Eissaa, A.M., Valikhanic, A., & Moustafa, A. A. (2021). Religious delusions in psychotic patients: Prevalence, possible origin, and effects. In: Moustafa, A.A. (ed.), Cognitive and Behavioral Dysfunction in Schizophrenia (pp. 87-113). Academic Press  
  • Possamai, A., Long, G., & Counted, V. (2021). An Analysis of Australian Research Council’s Grants in Religion. Journal for the Academic Study of Religion 34 (1), 74-95
  • Renzaho, A., Mansouri, F., Counted, V., & Polonsky, M. (2021). The influence region of origin, area of residence prior to migration, religion, and perceived discrimination on acculturation strategies among sub-Saharan African migrants in Australia. Journal of International Migration and Integration 
  • Counted, V., Neff, M.A., Captari, L., & Cowden, R.G. (2021). Transcending place attachment disruptions during a public health crisis: Spiritual struggles, resilience, and transformation. Journal of Psychology and Christianity 39(4), 276-286 [Download PDF]
  • Counted, V., Pargament, K.I., Bachera, A.O., Joynt, S., & Cowden, R.G. (in press). Hope and Well-being in Vulnerable Contexts During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Does religious coping matter? The Journal of Positive Psychology [Download PDF]


  • Possamai, A., Jinks, T., & Counted, V. (2020). Conventional and unconventional forms of religiosity: identifying predictive factors and wellbeing outcomes. Journal for the Study of Spirituality 10(2), 155-170 [PDF Download]
  • Counted, V. & Possamai, A. (2020). Confidence in the Australian Society, Belief in Demons, and Practice of Exorcism: The mediating and moderating role of spirituality. In: A. Possamai & G. Giordan (eds.), The Social Scientific Study of Exorcism in Christianity, (pp 217-236). New York: Springer [PDF Download]
  • Counted, V., Possamai, A., McAuliffe, C., & Meade, T. (2020). Attachment to Australia, Attachment to God, and Quality of Life Outcomes in African Christian Diaspora. Journal of Spirituality in Mental Health 22(1), 65-95 [PDF Download].
  • Counted, V. (2020). Attachment Theory and the Study of Religion. In: Adam Possamai & Joseph Blasi (Eds.), SAGE Encyclopedia for the Sociology of Religion (pp.56-57). [Link]
  • Counted, V. (2020). Quantitative Data Research Software. In: Adam Possamai and Joseph Blasi (Eds.), SAGE Encyclopedia for the Sociology of Religion. [Link].


  • Counted, V. (2019). The Role of Spirituality in Promoting Sense of Place among Foreigners of African Background in the Netherlands. Ecopsychology 11(2), 101–109 [PDF].
  • Counted, V. & Watts, F. (2019). A Space of Transition and Transaction: A rejoinder to selected commentaries on place spirituality. Archive for the Psychology of Religion 41(1), 43–52 [PDF].
  • Counted, V. & Zock, H.T. (2019). Place Spirituality: an attachment perspective. Archive for the Psychology of Religion 41(1), 12–25 [PDF]. 
  • Counted, V. (2019). Sense of Place Attitudes and Quality of Life Outcomes among African Residents in a Multicultural Australian Society. Journal of Community Psychology 47(2), 338-355 [PDF]. 
  • Counted, V., Moustafa, A.A., & Renzaho, A. (2019). Migration and socio-demographic factors associated with the sense of place attitudes of sub-Saharan Africans in northern and western Netherlands. Journal of Community Psychology  47(2), 238-253 [PDF]. 
  • Counted, V. (2019). African Christian Diaspora Religion and/or spirituality: A concept analysis and re-interpretation. Critical Research in Religion  7(1), 58-79 [PDF]. 
  • Counted, V. (2019). Domains of Religious Coping Behaviour among African Christians in New South Wales, Australia: An exploratory qualitative study. Journal of Spirituality in Mental Health 21(3), 215-236 [PDF].
  • Counted, V. & Watts, F. (2019). Defining the psychology of religion and place: a concept analysis. In: V. Counted & F. Watts (eds.), The Psychology of Religion and Place: Emerging Perspectives. New York: Palgrave MacMillan [PDF].
  • Counted, V. (2019). The Psychology of Place Spirituality: A Cascade of Parallel Processes. In: V. Counted & F. Watts (eds.), The Psychology of Religion and Place: Emerging Perspectives. New York: Palgrave MacMillan [PDF].
  • Counted, V. & Fraser Watts. (2019). An Introduction to the Psychology of Religion and Place. In: V. Counted & F. Watts (eds.), The Psychology of Religion and Place: Emerging Perspectives, (pp.1-12). New York: Palgrave MacMillan [PDF].
  • Counted, V. & Meade, T. (2019). Why and How Environmental and Religious Attachments Matter for Health Promotion. In: V. Counted & F. Watts (eds.), The Psychology of Religion and Place: Emerging Perspectives. New York: Palgrave MacMillan [PDF].
  • Counted, V. (2019). Religion, Place, and Attachment: An Evaluation of Conceptual Frameworks. In: V. Counted & F. Watts (eds.), The Psychology of Religion and Place: Emerging Perspectives (pp.33-48). New York: Palgrave MacMillan [PDF].


  • Counted, V. (2018). Global avoidant attachment predicts indicators of caregiving faith in Australian-based African Christians in New South Wales. Journal for the Academic Study of Religion 30(1), 55-74 [PDF].
  • Counted, V., Possamai, A., & Meade, T. (2018). Relational Spirituality and Quality of Life 2007 to 2017: An integrative research review.  Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 16:75 [PDF].
  • Counted, V. (2018). The Circle of Place Spirituality: Toward a motivational systems theory in the psychology of religion. Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion 29, 149-178 [PDF]
  • Counted, V. & Miller, J.R. (2018). Pastoral Juxtaposition in Spiritual Care: Toward a caregiving faith theology in an evangelical Christian context. HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 74(2), a4630 [PDF].


  • Counted, V. & Watts, F. (2017). Place Attachment in the Bible: The role of attachment to sacred places in religious life. Journal of Psychology and Theology 45(3), 218-232 [PDF].
  • Counted, V. (2017). Attachment Theory and Religious Violence: Theorizing Adult Religious Psychopathology. Journal for the Study of Religion 30(1), 78-109 [PDF].
  • Counted, V. & Moustafa, A.A. (2017). Between God and Self: Exploring the attachment to God and authenticity/inauthenticity tendencies of South African Christian youths. Mental Health, Religion & Culture 20(2), 109-127 [PDF]. 


  • Counted, V. (2016). The Psychology of Youth Faith Formation: A Care-giving Faith? Journal of Youth and Theology 15 (2), 146 – 172 [PDF].
  • Counted, V. (2016). Making Sense of Place Attachment: Towards a Holistic Understanding of People-place Relationships and Experiences. Environment, Space, & Place, 8(1), 7-32 [PDF]. 
  • Counted, V. (2016). Missionising Youth Identity Crisis: Towards a missional hermeneutic of care in youth ministry practice. Missionalia: Southern African Journal of Missiology, 41(1), 82-102 [PDF].  
  • Counted, V. (2016). Being Authentic is the New Image: A study of authenticity and selfhood among south African Christian millennials. Mental Health, Religion and Culture, 19(3), 268–294 [PDF]. 
  • Counted, V. (2016). God as an Attachment Figure: A Case Study of the God Attachment Language and God Concepts of Anxiously Attached Christian Youths in South Africa. Journal of Spirituality in Mental Health 18(4), 316-346 [PDF]. 
  • Counted, V. & Arawole, J. (2016). ‘We Are Connected, But Constrained’: Internet Inequality and the Challenges of Millennials in Africa as Actors in Innovation. Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship 5(3), 1-21  [PDF].


  • Counted, V. (2015). God Images and God Concepts: Towards a pastoral hermeneutic of the God attachment experience. Verbum et Ecclesia 36(1), a1389 [PDF].
  • Counted, V. (2015). African Women, Religion, and Health: Essays in Honour of Mercy Amba Ewudziwa Oduyoye. Journal of Religion and Health 54(6), 350–354 [PDF].

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